How Close Are We to a Complete Map of the Human Brain?


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ypm4QcOOqXQ& ;amp;list=PL6uC-XGZC7X56r8MGLS5rqsr5glQnMdAC

Read More:

Why are scientists trying to map every single neuron in the brain?
https://www.vox.com/2014/4/3/5576486/why-are-scientists-trying-to-map-every-single-neuron-in-the-brain

"If that sounds like a tall order, it's because it is. The hope is that doing this will lead to a far greater understanding about how brains work and especially how mental disorders come about — and could be better treated."

The Human Connectome Project
http://www.humanconnectomeproject.org/
"The Human Connectome Project aims to provide an unparalleled compilation of neural data, an interface to graphically navigate this data and the opportunity to achieve never before realized conclusions about the living human brain."

The Supercomputer That Could Map the Human Brain
https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/article/brain-mapping-supercomputer/
"In an effort to understand, on the finest level, what makes us human, he’s set out to create a complete map of the human brain : to chart where every neuron connects to every other neuron. The problem is, the brain has more connections than the Milky Way has stars."

____________________

How close are we to colonizing the moon, mapping the human brain and curing cancer? Join Seeker as we go in search of experts, academics and innovators who are racing to solve some of humanity’s biggest scientific challenges. We’ll dive into the facts and comb through the research to find the answers you’re looking for.

Seeker explains every aspect of our world through a lens of science, inspiring a new generation of curious minds who want to know how today’s discoveries in science, math, engineering and technology are impacting our lives, and shaping our future. Our stories parse meaning from the noise in a world of rapidly changing information.

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If we could fully map the inner workings of our brain, we could understand disease, consciousness, and what it is that makes us human. Only catch? There are more connections in the human brain than there are stars in the Milky Way. So, how close are we to fully mapping the brain?

How Close Are We? Season 3 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ypm4QcOOqXQ& ;amp;list=PL6uC-XGZC7X56r8MGLS5rqsr5glQnMdAC

Read More:

Why are scientists trying to map every single neuron in the brain?
https://www.vox.com/2014/4/3/5576486/why-are-scientists-trying-to-map-every-single-neuron-in-the-brain

"If that sounds like a tall order, it's because it is. The hope is that doing this will lead to a far greater understanding about how brains work and especially how mental disorders come about — and could be better treated."

The Human Connectome Project
http://www.humanconnectomeproject.org/
"The Human Connectome Project aims to provide an unparalleled compilation of neural data, an interface to graphically navigate this data and the opportunity to achieve never before realized conclusions about the living human brain."

The Supercomputer That Could Map the Human Brain
https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/article/brain-mapping-supercomputer/
"In an effort to understand, on the finest level, what makes us human, he’s set out to create a complete map of the human brain : to chart where every neuron connects to every other neuron. The problem is, the brain has more connections than the Milky Way has stars."

____________________

How close are we to colonizing the moon, mapping the human brain and curing cancer? Join Seeker as we go in search of experts, academics and innovators who are racing to solve some of humanity’s biggest scientific challenges. We’ll dive into the facts and comb through the research to find the answers you’re looking for.

Seeker explains every aspect of our world through a lens of science, inspiring a new generation of curious minds who want to know how today’s discoveries in science, math, engineering and technology are impacting our lives, and shaping our future. Our stories parse meaning from the noise in a world of rapidly changing information.

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What Does Malaria Do to the Human Body?


https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30009946

Malaria parasite transforms itself to hide from human immune system
https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/news/features/duraisingh-malaria-parasite-transforms/

Malaria and the liver: Immunological hide-and-seek or subversion of immunity from within?
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4332352/

Le Roch Malaria Lab at University of California, Riverside
https://lerochlab.ucr.edu/

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Malaria is one of the oldest diseases in human history, dating back to ancient civilizations in Greece and China. It has even been attributed to aiding the fall of the Roman Empire.

So if we’ve been fighting malaria for so long, why haven’t we been able to stop it?
____________________
SICK is a new series that looks at how diseases actually work inside our body. We'll be visiting medical centers and talking to top researchers and doctors to uncover the mysteries of viruses, bacteria, fungi and our own immune system. Come back every Tuesday for a new episode and let us know in the comments which diseases you think we should cover next.
____________________

Read More:
Unraveling the 3D genome of human malaria parasites.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30009946

Malaria parasite transforms itself to hide from human immune system
https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/news/features/duraisingh-malaria-parasite-transforms/

Malaria and the liver: Immunological hide-and-seek or subversion of immunity from within?
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4332352/

Le Roch Malaria Lab at University of California, Riverside
https://lerochlab.ucr.edu/

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These Engineers Want to 3D Print an Entire Rocket in 60 Days


https://bit.ly/2WwOqyh

Read More:
Aerospace startup making 3D-printed rockets now has a launch site at America’s busiest spaceport
https://www.theverge.com/2019/1/17/18185136/relativity-space-3d-printing-terran-1-rocket-cape-canaveral-florida
“America’s busiest spaceport in Cape Canaveral, Florida, is about to get a new tenant: a startup that shares SpaceX’s ambitious plans of turning humans into a multiplanetary species.”

NASA Tests First 3-D Printed Rocket Engine Part Made with Two Different Alloys
https://www.nasa.gov/centers/marshall/news/news/releases/2017/nasa-tests-first-3-d-printed-rocket-engine-part-made-with-two-different-alloys.html
“Engineers at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, tested NASA's first 3-D printed rocket engine prototype part made of two different metal alloys through an innovative advanced manufacturing process. NASA has been making and evaluating durable 3-D printed rocket parts made of one metal, but the technique of 3-D printing, or additive manufacturing, with more than one metal is more difficult.”

Relativity Space reveals its ambitions with big NASA deal
https://arstechnica.com/science/2018/03/relativity-space-reveals-its-ambitions-with-big-nasa-deal/
“Relativity announced Wednesday that it has signed a 20-year partnership with NASA's Stennis Space Center for an exclusive lease of the 25-acre E4 Test Complex in Southern Mississippi. The four test stands on the site will allow Relativity to develop and test enough engines to build 36 rockets a year, and the agreement includes an option for the company to eventually expand its footprint at the site to 250 acres.”

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This team of engineers is using one of the world's largest 3D metal printers to build rockets, and it could shake up the space industry as we know it.

Watch more Focal Point! | https://bit.ly/2WwOqyh

Read More:
Aerospace startup making 3D-printed rockets now has a launch site at America’s busiest spaceport
https://www.theverge.com/2019/1/17/18185136/relativity-space-3d-printing-terran-1-rocket-cape-canaveral-florida
“America’s busiest spaceport in Cape Canaveral, Florida, is about to get a new tenant: a startup that shares SpaceX’s ambitious plans of turning humans into a multiplanetary species.”

NASA Tests First 3-D Printed Rocket Engine Part Made with Two Different Alloys
https://www.nasa.gov/centers/marshall/news/news/releases/2017/nasa-tests-first-3-d-printed-rocket-engine-part-made-with-two-different-alloys.html
“Engineers at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, tested NASA's first 3-D printed rocket engine prototype part made of two different metal alloys through an innovative advanced manufacturing process. NASA has been making and evaluating durable 3-D printed rocket parts made of one metal, but the technique of 3-D printing, or additive manufacturing, with more than one metal is more difficult.”

Relativity Space reveals its ambitions with big NASA deal
https://arstechnica.com/science/2018/03/relativity-space-reveals-its-ambitions-with-big-nasa-deal/
“Relativity announced Wednesday that it has signed a 20-year partnership with NASA's Stennis Space Center for an exclusive lease of the 25-acre E4 Test Complex in Southern Mississippi. The four test stands on the site will allow Relativity to develop and test enough engines to build 36 rockets a year, and the agreement includes an option for the company to eventually expand its footprint at the site to 250 acres.”

Sign Up For The Seeker Newsletter Here - http://bit.ly/1UO1PxI
____________________
Seeker inspires us to see the world through the lens of science and evokes a sense of curiosity, optimism and adventure.

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The Fourth State of Matter Could Scrub Viruses From The Air


https://youtu.be/0PHoioJ2ViY

Read More:
Cold plasma can kill 99.9% of airborne viruses, U-M study shows
https://news.umich.edu/cold-plasma-can-kill-99-9-of-airborne-viruses-u-m-study-shows/
"“The results tell us that nonthermal plasma treatment is very effective at inactivating airborne viruses,” said Krista Wigginton, assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering. “There are limited technologies for air disinfection, so this is an important finding.” This parallel approach—combining filtration and inactivation of airborne pathogens—could provide a more efficient way of providing sterile air than technologies used today, such as filtration and ultraviolet light. Traditional masks operate using only filtration for protection."

Inactivation of airborne viruses using a packed bed non-thermal plasma reactor
https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1361-6463/ab1466/pdf
"Where ventilation systems facilitate disease transmission to humans or animals, there exists a need for control measures that provide effective protection while imposing minimal pressure differential. In the present study, viral aerosols in an airstream were subjected to non-thermal plasma (NTP) exposure within a packed-bed dielectric barrier discharge reactor. "

Cold Plasma
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/chemistry/cold-plasma
"Cold plasma technologies have found extensive application in material processing for over 30 years and they are now widely used in the manufacture of semiconductors, magnetic media and special glasses, and for metal coating, etc. The success of these techniques is related to their ability to change the surface properties of a material by physical or chemical modification of its most external layers (≤1 μm), without modifying its bulk characteristics. In this way, reengineering of surface chemistry can open completely new fields of application to conventional polymers."
____________________

Elements is more than just a science show. It’s your science-loving best friend, tasked with keeping you updated and interested on all the compelling, innovative and groundbreaking science happening all around us. Join our passionate hosts as they help break down and present fascinating science, from quarks to quantum theory and beyond.

Seeker explains every aspect of our world through a lens of science, inspiring a new generation of curious minds who want to know how today’s discoveries in science, math, engineering and technology are impacting our lives, and shaping our future. Our stories parse meaning from the noise in a world of rapidly changing information.

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Using cold plasma as an air purifier is not only safe, but can eliminate 99.9% of a test virus from the air...in a fraction of a second! According to research from University of Michigan, here's how it works.

What Happens When a Human Gets Rabies? - https://youtu.be/0PHoioJ2ViY

Read More:
Cold plasma can kill 99.9% of airborne viruses, U-M study shows
https://news.umich.edu/cold-plasma-can-kill-99-9-of-airborne-viruses-u-m-study-shows/
"“The results tell us that nonthermal plasma treatment is very effective at inactivating airborne viruses,” said Krista Wigginton, assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering. “There are limited technologies for air disinfection, so this is an important finding.” This parallel approach—combining filtration and inactivation of airborne pathogens—could provide a more efficient way of providing sterile air than technologies used today, such as filtration and ultraviolet light. Traditional masks operate using only filtration for protection."

Inactivation of airborne viruses using a packed bed non-thermal plasma reactor
https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1361-6463/ab1466/pdf
"Where ventilation systems facilitate disease transmission to humans or animals, there exists a need for control measures that provide effective protection while imposing minimal pressure differential. In the present study, viral aerosols in an airstream were subjected to non-thermal plasma (NTP) exposure within a packed-bed dielectric barrier discharge reactor. "

Cold Plasma
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/chemistry/cold-plasma
"Cold plasma technologies have found extensive application in material processing for over 30 years and they are now widely used in the manufacture of semiconductors, magnetic media and special glasses, and for metal coating, etc. The success of these techniques is related to their ability to change the surface properties of a material by physical or chemical modification of its most external layers (≤1 μm), without modifying its bulk characteristics. In this way, reengineering of surface chemistry can open completely new fields of application to conventional polymers."
____________________

Elements is more than just a science show. It’s your science-loving best friend, tasked with keeping you updated and interested on all the compelling, innovative and groundbreaking science happening all around us. Join our passionate hosts as they help break down and present fascinating science, from quarks to quantum theory and beyond.

Seeker explains every aspect of our world through a lens of science, inspiring a new generation of curious minds who want to know how today’s discoveries in science, math, engineering and technology are impacting our lives, and shaping our future. Our stories parse meaning from the noise in a world of rapidly changing information.

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Elements on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/SeekerElements/

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Giant Flow Batteries Could Power Your City in the Future


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fj7z8wFGzDE

Read More:
The Better Batteries That Will Power Your Phone — and a Green Future
https://news.usc.edu/trojan-family/battery-technology-usc-green-sustainable-energy/
"“One of the major problems with lithium-ion batteries is that lithium is not an abundant material, so it’s just not sustainable” says Sri Narayan, professor of chemistry at the USC Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences and a scientific co-director at the USC Loker Hydrocarbon Research Institute. “In fact, if you look into the distant future, we could run out of lithium if we continue to consume it at the present rate. We need alternative materials that pack more energy in the same volume without much lithium.”"

China starts building world's largest vanadium flow battery
https://www.spglobal.com/marketintelligence/en/news-insights/trending/1sgv2yl4jn3r-r18pibt0g2
"An energy storage station backed by a 200MW/800MWh vanadium flow battery is in production in Dalian, China, as part of the government's effort to scale up its energy storage capacity. Rongke Power, a local battery maker, is developing the battery after the China National Energy Administration approved the project in 2016 to provide power during peak demand hours. The battery is expected to slice off about 8% of the Liaoning Province port city's expected load once it comes online in 2020, according to Electrek. "

Flow Battery
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/engineering/flow-battery
"Flow batteries have emerged as prime candidates in the development of large-scale grid-connected energy storage systems because they offer very long cycle life, high energy efficiencies, as well as low costs for applications requiring high energy to power ratios. A number of different flow battery technologies have been under development over the past 30 years, but of these, only the vanadium redox flow battery that was pioneered at the University of New South Wales, Australia, and the zinc–bromine battery first developed by Exxon are currently under consideration for large-scale grid integration."

____________________

Elements is more than just a science show. It’s your science-loving best friend, tasked with keeping you updated and interested on all the compelling, innovative and groundbreaking science happening all around us. Join our passionate hosts as they help break down and present fascinating science, from quarks to quantum theory and beyond.

Seeker explains every aspect of our world through a lens of science, inspiring a new generation of curious minds who want to know how today’s discoveries in science, math, engineering and technology are impacting our lives, and shaping our future. Our stories parse meaning from the noise in a world of rapidly changing information.

Visit the Seeker website https://www.seeker.com/videos

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China is building vanadium redox flow batteries to power its cities in the future, but what exactly are they and how do they work?

Diamond Nuclear Batteries Are Forever… Sort Of- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fj7z8wFGzDE

Read More:
The Better Batteries That Will Power Your Phone — and a Green Future
https://news.usc.edu/trojan-family/battery-technology-usc-green-sustainable-energy/
"“One of the major problems with lithium-ion batteries is that lithium is not an abundant material, so it’s just not sustainable” says Sri Narayan, professor of chemistry at the USC Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences and a scientific co-director at the USC Loker Hydrocarbon Research Institute. “In fact, if you look into the distant future, we could run out of lithium if we continue to consume it at the present rate. We need alternative materials that pack more energy in the same volume without much lithium.”"

China starts building world's largest vanadium flow battery
https://www.spglobal.com/marketintelligence/en/news-insights/trending/1sgv2yl4jn3r-r18pibt0g2
"An energy storage station backed by a 200MW/800MWh vanadium flow battery is in production in Dalian, China, as part of the government's effort to scale up its energy storage capacity. Rongke Power, a local battery maker, is developing the battery after the China National Energy Administration approved the project in 2016 to provide power during peak demand hours. The battery is expected to slice off about 8% of the Liaoning Province port city's expected load once it comes online in 2020, according to Electrek. "

Flow Battery
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/engineering/flow-battery
"Flow batteries have emerged as prime candidates in the development of large-scale grid-connected energy storage systems because they offer very long cycle life, high energy efficiencies, as well as low costs for applications requiring high energy to power ratios. A number of different flow battery technologies have been under development over the past 30 years, but of these, only the vanadium redox flow battery that was pioneered at the University of New South Wales, Australia, and the zinc–bromine battery first developed by Exxon are currently under consideration for large-scale grid integration."

____________________

Elements is more than just a science show. It’s your science-loving best friend, tasked with keeping you updated and interested on all the compelling, innovative and groundbreaking science happening all around us. Join our passionate hosts as they help break down and present fascinating science, from quarks to quantum theory and beyond.

Seeker explains every aspect of our world through a lens of science, inspiring a new generation of curious minds who want to know how today’s discoveries in science, math, engineering and technology are impacting our lives, and shaping our future. Our stories parse meaning from the noise in a world of rapidly changing information.

Visit the Seeker website https://www.seeker.com/videos

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What Happens When a Human Gets Rabies?


https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa050382

Can Rabies Be Eradicated?
https://europepmc.org/abstract/med/18634470

How Rabies Spawned Zombies and Vampires
https://www.theverge.com/2013/4/18/4201878/sick-idea-how-rabies-spawned-vampires-and-zombies

Kansas State University Rabies Laboratory
http://www.ksvdl.org/rabies-laboratory/about.html

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Rabies has been scaring populations for thousands of years, but it's scary for more reasons than just a painful bite. Once the virus is inside us, it not only destroys our body, but damages our mind, and it can happen fast, or lay dormant for years before fatally attacking.
So how exactly do we get from a dog bite to a complete behavioral change to...death?
____________________
SICK is a new series that looks at how diseases actually work inside our body. We'll be visiting medical centers and talking to top researchers and doctors to uncover the mysteries of viruses, bacteria, fungi and our own immune system. Come back every Tuesday for a new episode and let us know in the comments which diseases you think we should cover next.
____________________
Read More:

Survival after Treatment of Rabies with Induction of Coma
https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa050382

Can Rabies Be Eradicated?
https://europepmc.org/abstract/med/18634470

How Rabies Spawned Zombies and Vampires
https://www.theverge.com/2013/4/18/4201878/sick-idea-how-rabies-spawned-vampires-and-zombies

Kansas State University Rabies Laboratory
http://www.ksvdl.org/rabies-laboratory/about.html

Visit the Seeker website https://www.seeker.com/videos

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Could Zapping Your Brain With Electricity Improve Your Memory?


https://youtu.be/LMYY8LddNm8

Read More:
Working memory
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0072975207880110
"One conclusion that arises from research is that working memory, a faculty that enables temporary storage and manipulation of information in the service of behavioral goals, can be viewed as neither a unitary, nor a dedicated system. Data from numerous neuropsychological and neurophysiological studies in animals and humans demonstrates that a network of brain regions, including the prefrontal cortex, is critical for the active maintenance of internal representations."

Working memory revived in older adults by synchronizing rhythmic brain circuits
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/332281661_Working_memory_revived_in_older_adults_by_synchronizing_rhythmic_brain_circuits
"We developed a noninvasive stimulation procedure for modulating long-range theta interactions in adults aged 60–76 years. After 25 min of stimulation, frequency-tuned to individual brain network dynamics, we observed a preferential increase in neural synchronization patterns and the return of sender–receiver relationships of information flow within and between frontotemporal regions. The end result was rapid improvement in working-memory performance that outlasted a 50 min post-stimulation period."

How working memory gets you through the day
https://bcs.mit.edu/news-events/news/how-working-memory-gets-you-through-day
“What’s special about working memory is that it is volitional,” says Miller, the Picower Professor at the Picower Institute for Learning and Memory at MIT. “It is the main mechanism by which your brain wrests control from the environment and puts it under its own control. Any simple creature can just react to the environment. But what higher order animals have evolved is the ability to take control over their own thoughts.”

____________________

Elements is more than just a science show. It’s your science-loving best friend, tasked with keeping you updated and interested on all the compelling, innovative and groundbreaking science happening all around us. Join our passionate hosts as they help break down and present fascinating science, from quarks to quantum theory and beyond.

Seeker explains every aspect of our world through a lens of science, inspiring a new generation of curious minds who want to know how today’s discoveries in science, math, engineering and technology are impacting our lives, and shaping our future. Our stories parse meaning from the noise in a world of rapidly changing information.

Visit the Seeker website https://www.seeker.com/videos

Elements on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/SeekerElements/

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Your memory starts to degrade with age, but what exactly happens in your brain if there was a little zap to it? Here's what scientists discovered.

What Exactly is Lupus? - https://youtu.be/LMYY8LddNm8

Read More:
Working memory
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0072975207880110
"One conclusion that arises from research is that working memory, a faculty that enables temporary storage and manipulation of information in the service of behavioral goals, can be viewed as neither a unitary, nor a dedicated system. Data from numerous neuropsychological and neurophysiological studies in animals and humans demonstrates that a network of brain regions, including the prefrontal cortex, is critical for the active maintenance of internal representations."

Working memory revived in older adults by synchronizing rhythmic brain circuits
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/332281661_Working_memory_revived_in_older_adults_by_synchronizing_rhythmic_brain_circuits
"We developed a noninvasive stimulation procedure for modulating long-range theta interactions in adults aged 60–76 years. After 25 min of stimulation, frequency-tuned to individual brain network dynamics, we observed a preferential increase in neural synchronization patterns and the return of sender–receiver relationships of information flow within and between frontotemporal regions. The end result was rapid improvement in working-memory performance that outlasted a 50 min post-stimulation period."

How working memory gets you through the day
https://bcs.mit.edu/news-events/news/how-working-memory-gets-you-through-day
“What’s special about working memory is that it is volitional,” says Miller, the Picower Professor at the Picower Institute for Learning and Memory at MIT. “It is the main mechanism by which your brain wrests control from the environment and puts it under its own control. Any simple creature can just react to the environment. But what higher order animals have evolved is the ability to take control over their own thoughts.”

____________________

Elements is more than just a science show. It’s your science-loving best friend, tasked with keeping you updated and interested on all the compelling, innovative and groundbreaking science happening all around us. Join our passionate hosts as they help break down and present fascinating science, from quarks to quantum theory and beyond.

Seeker explains every aspect of our world through a lens of science, inspiring a new generation of curious minds who want to know how today’s discoveries in science, math, engineering and technology are impacting our lives, and shaping our future. Our stories parse meaning from the noise in a world of rapidly changing information.

Visit the Seeker website https://www.seeker.com/videos

Elements on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/SeekerElements/

Subscribe now! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=dnewschannel

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Inside NASA’s Race Back to Neptune’s Icy Moon


https://bit.ly/2WvQRBt

Read More:
Next Stop, Triton? Here's Two Wild Ideas to Explore Neptune's Weirdest Moon
https://www.space.com/triton-mission-concepts-to-neptune-moon.html
“Neptune's moon Triton is one of the strangest worlds in the solar system — and that's why scientists are exploring mission concepts that could give them a detailed look at it.”

Implementation of Trident: A Discovery-Class Mission to Triton
https://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2019/pdf/3200.pdf
“By launching during 2026, Trident takes advantage of a rare, efficient gravity-assist alignment, to capitalize on a narrow – but closing – observational window that enables assessment of changes in Triton’s plume activity and surface characteristics since Voyager 2’s encounter one Neptune-Triton season ago.”

Is Triton an Ocean World?
https://cosmosmagazine.com/space/is-triton-an-ocean-world
“Scientists are reevaluating what we know about Neptune’s moon Triton, and sketching plans for a future visit.”

Sign Up For The Seeker Newsletter Here - http://bit.ly/1UO1PxI
____________________
Seeker inspires us to see the world through the lens of science and evokes a sense of curiosity, optimism and adventure.

Visit the Seeker website https://www.seeker.com/

Subscribe now! https://www.youtube.com/user/DNewsChannel

Seeker on Twitter http://twitter.com/seeker

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Could Neptune’s moon, Triton, harbor life? NASA scientists are working on a mission concept that after 30 years could finally return us back to this icy world.

Watch more Focal Point! | https://bit.ly/2WvQRBt

Read More:
Next Stop, Triton? Here's Two Wild Ideas to Explore Neptune's Weirdest Moon
https://www.space.com/triton-mission-concepts-to-neptune-moon.html
“Neptune's moon Triton is one of the strangest worlds in the solar system — and that's why scientists are exploring mission concepts that could give them a detailed look at it.”

Implementation of Trident: A Discovery-Class Mission to Triton
https://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2019/pdf/3200.pdf
“By launching during 2026, Trident takes advantage of a rare, efficient gravity-assist alignment, to capitalize on a narrow – but closing – observational window that enables assessment of changes in Triton’s plume activity and surface characteristics since Voyager 2’s encounter one Neptune-Triton season ago.”

Is Triton an Ocean World?
https://cosmosmagazine.com/space/is-triton-an-ocean-world
“Scientists are reevaluating what we know about Neptune’s moon Triton, and sketching plans for a future visit.”

Sign Up For The Seeker Newsletter Here - http://bit.ly/1UO1PxI
____________________
Seeker inspires us to see the world through the lens of science and evokes a sense of curiosity, optimism and adventure.

Visit the Seeker website https://www.seeker.com/

Subscribe now! https://www.youtube.com/user/DNewsChannel

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How Scientists Found the Universe’s First Type of Molecule


https://youtu.be/Qck8zPUS3Is

Read More:
First Astrophysical Detection of a Very Special Molecule
https://www.sofia.usra.edu/multimedia/science-results-archive/first-astrophysical-detection-very-special-molecule
"When temperatures in the early Universe had fallen below ~4,000 K, the light elements produced in the Big Bang began to combine. Ionized hydrogen interacting with neutral helium created the “Universe’s first molecular bond” in the helium hydride ion (HeH+). Destruction of HeH+ created one of the earliest paths to forming molecular hydrogen (H2), the most abundant and significant molecule in the Universe."

The Early Universe
https://home.cern/science/physics/early-universe
"Hubble’s discovery was the first observational support for Georges Lemaître’s Big Bang theory of the universe, proposed in 1927. Lemaître proposed that the universe expanded explosively from an extremely dense and hot state, and continues to expand today. Subsequent calculations have dated this Big Bang to approximately 13.7 billion years ago. In 1998 two teams of astronomers working independently at Berkeley, California observed that supernovae – exploding stars – were moving away from Earth at an accelerating rate. This earned them the Nobel prize in physics in 2011. "

What Powered the Big Bang?
https://science.nasa.gov/astrophysics/focus-areas/what-powered-the-big-bang
"


____________________

Elements is more than just a science show. It’s your science-loving best friend, tasked with keeping you updated and interested on all the compelling, innovative and groundbreaking science happening all around us. Join our passionate hosts as they help break down and present fascinating science, from quarks to quantum theory and beyond.

Seeker explains every aspect of our world through a lens of science, inspiring a new generation of curious minds who want to know how today’s discoveries in science, math, engineering and technology are impacting our lives, and shaping our future. Our stories parse meaning from the noise in a world of rapidly changing information.

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NASA has just discovered how the hot particles after the Big Bang settled down and created the very first molecule in the universe.

A Dead Satellite Is Unlocking the Secrets Lurking Beneath Antarctica - https://youtu.be/Qck8zPUS3Is

Read More:
First Astrophysical Detection of a Very Special Molecule
https://www.sofia.usra.edu/multimedia/science-results-archive/first-astrophysical-detection-very-special-molecule
"When temperatures in the early Universe had fallen below ~4,000 K, the light elements produced in the Big Bang began to combine. Ionized hydrogen interacting with neutral helium created the “Universe’s first molecular bond” in the helium hydride ion (HeH+). Destruction of HeH+ created one of the earliest paths to forming molecular hydrogen (H2), the most abundant and significant molecule in the Universe."

The Early Universe
https://home.cern/science/physics/early-universe
"Hubble’s discovery was the first observational support for Georges Lemaître’s Big Bang theory of the universe, proposed in 1927. Lemaître proposed that the universe expanded explosively from an extremely dense and hot state, and continues to expand today. Subsequent calculations have dated this Big Bang to approximately 13.7 billion years ago. In 1998 two teams of astronomers working independently at Berkeley, California observed that supernovae – exploding stars – were moving away from Earth at an accelerating rate. This earned them the Nobel prize in physics in 2011. "

What Powered the Big Bang?
https://science.nasa.gov/astrophysics/focus-areas/what-powered-the-big-bang
"


____________________

Elements is more than just a science show. It’s your science-loving best friend, tasked with keeping you updated and interested on all the compelling, innovative and groundbreaking science happening all around us. Join our passionate hosts as they help break down and present fascinating science, from quarks to quantum theory and beyond.

Seeker explains every aspect of our world through a lens of science, inspiring a new generation of curious minds who want to know how today’s discoveries in science, math, engineering and technology are impacting our lives, and shaping our future. Our stories parse meaning from the noise in a world of rapidly changing information.

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What Exactly is Lupus?


https://europepmc.org/abstract/med/3041483

Environmental factors on systemic lupus
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4198387/

Genetic factors predisposing to systemic lupus
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2847514/

Elevated levels of IL-24 in systemic lupus erythematosus patients
https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0961203319845476

Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayo.edu/

Visit the Seeker website https://www.seeker.com/videos

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Our immune system is an incredible thing. It’s a complex, disease-fighting machine, capable of fending off attacks from bacteria and viruses. But what happens when that same incredible system stops fighting diseases, and starts attacking you?

____________________

SICK is a new series that looks at how diseases actually work inside our body. We'll be visiting medical centers and talking to top researchers and doctors to uncover the mysteries of viruses, bacteria, fungi and our own immune system. Come back every Tuesday for a new episode and let us know in the comments which diseases you think we should cover next.
____________________

Read More:
The history of lupus erythematosus. From Hippocrates to Osler.
https://europepmc.org/abstract/med/3041483

Environmental factors on systemic lupus
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4198387/

Genetic factors predisposing to systemic lupus
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2847514/

Elevated levels of IL-24 in systemic lupus erythematosus patients
https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0961203319845476

Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayo.edu/

Visit the Seeker website https://www.seeker.com/videos

Subscribe now! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_c...

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The Mystifying Structures Hidden Within Earth’s Mantle


https://youtu.be/9h7DSJVeSG8

Read More:
The Unsolved Mystery of the Earth Blobs
https://eos.org/features/the-unsolved-mystery-of-the-earth-blobs
"Part of the reason for this mystery is what Earth scientists have always struggled with: They will never be able to visit the inside of Earth. “We know less about what’s deep below our feet than the surface of the Sun or the Moon or Mars,” said University College London researcher Paula Koelemeijer. Scientists are constantly trying to come up with new ways to peek inside Earth indirectly"

Continent-sized anomalous zones with low seismic velocity at the base of Earth's mantle
https://www.nature.com/articles/ngeo2733
"However, the origin and composition of the anomalous provinces is uncertain. These zones have long been depicted as warmer-than-average mantle materials related to convective upwelling. Yet, they may also be chemically distinct from the surrounding mantle, and potentially partly composed of subducted or primordial material, and have therefore been termed thermochemical piles. "

Origin of the LLSVPs at the base of the mantle is a consequence of plate tectonics – A petrological and geochemical perspective
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1674987118300847
"In studying the petrogenesis of intra-plate ocean island basalts (OIB) associated with hotspots or mantle plumes, we hypothesized that the two large-low-shear-wave-velocity provinces (LLSVPs) at the base of the mantle beneath the Pacific (Jason) and Africa (Tuzo) are piles of subducted ocean crust (SOC) accumulated over Earth's history. This hypothesis was formulated using petrology, geochemistry and mineral physics in the context of plate tectonics and mantle circulation. "

____________________

Elements is more than just a science show. It’s your science-loving best friend, tasked with keeping you updated and interested on all the compelling, innovative and groundbreaking science happening all around us. Join our passionate hosts as they help break down and present fascinating science, from quarks to quantum theory and beyond.

Seeker explains every aspect of our world through a lens of science, inspiring a new generation of curious minds who want to know how today’s discoveries in science, math, engineering and technology are impacting our lives, and shaping our future. Our stories parse meaning from the noise in a world of rapidly changing information.

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Seeker http://www.seeker.com/ " />
Over four decades have passed since researchers discovered two continent-sized blobs wrapped around Earth's core, and they're still trying to figure out what they are. Here's what they know so far.

There’s a Subterranean Biosphere Hiding in the Earth’s Crust and It’s MASSIVE - https://youtu.be/9h7DSJVeSG8

Read More:
The Unsolved Mystery of the Earth Blobs
https://eos.org/features/the-unsolved-mystery-of-the-earth-blobs
"Part of the reason for this mystery is what Earth scientists have always struggled with: They will never be able to visit the inside of Earth. “We know less about what’s deep below our feet than the surface of the Sun or the Moon or Mars,” said University College London researcher Paula Koelemeijer. Scientists are constantly trying to come up with new ways to peek inside Earth indirectly"

Continent-sized anomalous zones with low seismic velocity at the base of Earth's mantle
https://www.nature.com/articles/ngeo2733
"However, the origin and composition of the anomalous provinces is uncertain. These zones have long been depicted as warmer-than-average mantle materials related to convective upwelling. Yet, they may also be chemically distinct from the surrounding mantle, and potentially partly composed of subducted or primordial material, and have therefore been termed thermochemical piles. "

Origin of the LLSVPs at the base of the mantle is a consequence of plate tectonics – A petrological and geochemical perspective
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1674987118300847
"In studying the petrogenesis of intra-plate ocean island basalts (OIB) associated with hotspots or mantle plumes, we hypothesized that the two large-low-shear-wave-velocity provinces (LLSVPs) at the base of the mantle beneath the Pacific (Jason) and Africa (Tuzo) are piles of subducted ocean crust (SOC) accumulated over Earth's history. This hypothesis was formulated using petrology, geochemistry and mineral physics in the context of plate tectonics and mantle circulation. "

____________________

Elements is more than just a science show. It’s your science-loving best friend, tasked with keeping you updated and interested on all the compelling, innovative and groundbreaking science happening all around us. Join our passionate hosts as they help break down and present fascinating science, from quarks to quantum theory and beyond.

Seeker explains every aspect of our world through a lens of science, inspiring a new generation of curious minds who want to know how today’s discoveries in science, math, engineering and technology are impacting our lives, and shaping our future. Our stories parse meaning from the noise in a world of rapidly changing information.

Visit the Seeker website https://www.seeker.com/videos

Elements on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/SeekerElements/

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How Close Are We to Creating a Lightsaber?


https://www.amazon.com/Physics-Star-Wars-Science-Behind/dp/1507203306

Check out Dr. Don Lincoln's YouTube videos for Fermilab here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NLmpNM0sgYk& ;amp;list=PLCfRa7MXBEsoJuAM8s6D8oKDPyBepBosS

How Close Are We? Season 3 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ypm4QcOOqXQ& ;amp;list=PL6uC-XGZC7X56r8MGLS5rqsr5glQnMdAC

Read More:
The Science of Star Wars Weaponry
http://nautil.us/issue/55/trust/the-science-of-star-wars-weaponry
"If we consider the beam to be plasma, there is a different set of concerns. A well-designed electromagnetic field could, in principle, contain a plasma to a size of about 3 feet (maybe by sending the plasma in a highly elliptical path to create roughly the shape of a cylinder)."

Is a Real Lightsaber Possible? Science Offers a New Hope
https://www.space.com/31361-building-a-real-lightsaber.html
"What technology could possibly yield the lightsaber? With that desire, came the first attempts to reverse-engineer the device. Reverse engineering, in this context, is thinking about how to do it…not actually building one. However, this research about clumping photons made the rounds a while ago."

Scientists create never-before-seen form of matter
https://phys.org/news/2013-09-scientists-never-before-seen.html
"Harvard and MIT scientists are challenging the conventional wisdom about light, and they didn't need to go to a galaxy far, far away to do it."

____________________

How close are we to colonizing the moon, mapping the human brain and curing cancer? Join Seeker as we go in search of experts, academics and innovators who are racing to solve some of humanity’s biggest scientific challenges. We’ll dive into the facts and comb through the research to find the answers you’re looking for.

Seeker explains every aspect of our world through a lens of science, inspiring a new generation of curious minds who want to know how today’s discoveries in science, math, engineering and technology are impacting our lives, and shaping our future. Our stories parse meaning from the noise in a world of rapidly changing information.

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Seeker http://www.seeker.com/ " />
Lightsabers might be elegant weapons for a more civilized age, but today, they only exist in the world of fiction. Could we use modern technology to create the most famous movie weapon of all time?

May the Fourth be with you!

Find Dr. Patrick Johnson's book, The Physics of Star Wars, here: https://www.amazon.com/Physics-Star-Wars-Science-Behind/dp/1507203306

Check out Dr. Don Lincoln's YouTube videos for Fermilab here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NLmpNM0sgYk& ;amp;list=PLCfRa7MXBEsoJuAM8s6D8oKDPyBepBosS

How Close Are We? Season 3 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ypm4QcOOqXQ& ;amp;list=PL6uC-XGZC7X56r8MGLS5rqsr5glQnMdAC

Read More:
The Science of Star Wars Weaponry
http://nautil.us/issue/55/trust/the-science-of-star-wars-weaponry
"If we consider the beam to be plasma, there is a different set of concerns. A well-designed electromagnetic field could, in principle, contain a plasma to a size of about 3 feet (maybe by sending the plasma in a highly elliptical path to create roughly the shape of a cylinder)."

Is a Real Lightsaber Possible? Science Offers a New Hope
https://www.space.com/31361-building-a-real-lightsaber.html
"What technology could possibly yield the lightsaber? With that desire, came the first attempts to reverse-engineer the device. Reverse engineering, in this context, is thinking about how to do it…not actually building one. However, this research about clumping photons made the rounds a while ago."

Scientists create never-before-seen form of matter
https://phys.org/news/2013-09-scientists-never-before-seen.html
"Harvard and MIT scientists are challenging the conventional wisdom about light, and they didn't need to go to a galaxy far, far away to do it."

____________________

How close are we to colonizing the moon, mapping the human brain and curing cancer? Join Seeker as we go in search of experts, academics and innovators who are racing to solve some of humanity’s biggest scientific challenges. We’ll dive into the facts and comb through the research to find the answers you’re looking for.

Seeker explains every aspect of our world through a lens of science, inspiring a new generation of curious minds who want to know how today’s discoveries in science, math, engineering and technology are impacting our lives, and shaping our future. Our stories parse meaning from the noise in a world of rapidly changing information.

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This 3D Bioprinted Organ Just Took Its First "Breath"


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yy-d5VVZlxQ

Read More:
Multivascular networks and functional intravascular topologies within biocompatible hydrogels
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/364/6439/458
"Solid organs transport fluids through distinct vascular networks that are biophysically and biochemically entangled, creating complex three-dimensional (3D) transport regimes that have remained difficult to produce and study."

3D Bioprinting for Organ Regeneration
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5313259/
"Regenerative medicine holds the promise of engineering functional tissues or organs to heal or replace abnormal and necrotic tissues/organs, offering hope for filling the gap between organ shortage and transplantation needs."

____________________

Elements is more than just a science show. It’s your science-loving best friend, tasked with keeping you updated and interested on all the compelling, innovative and groundbreaking science happening all around us. Join our passionate hosts as they help break down and present fascinating science, from quarks to quantum theory and beyond.

Seeker explains every aspect of our world through a lens of science, inspiring a new generation of curious minds who want to know how today’s discoveries in science, math, engineering and technology are impacting our lives, and shaping our future. Our stories parse meaning from the noise in a world of rapidly changing information.

Visit the Seeker website https://www.seeker.com/videos

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Seeker http://www.seeker.com/ " />
This breathing air sac model serves as a proof of concept in a field where 3D printing vasculature has been one of the biggest challenges.

Why This 3D Light Printer Is a HUGE Game Changer
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yy-d5VVZlxQ

Read More:
Multivascular networks and functional intravascular topologies within biocompatible hydrogels
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/364/6439/458
"Solid organs transport fluids through distinct vascular networks that are biophysically and biochemically entangled, creating complex three-dimensional (3D) transport regimes that have remained difficult to produce and study."

3D Bioprinting for Organ Regeneration
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5313259/
"Regenerative medicine holds the promise of engineering functional tissues or organs to heal or replace abnormal and necrotic tissues/organs, offering hope for filling the gap between organ shortage and transplantation needs."

____________________

Elements is more than just a science show. It’s your science-loving best friend, tasked with keeping you updated and interested on all the compelling, innovative and groundbreaking science happening all around us. Join our passionate hosts as they help break down and present fascinating science, from quarks to quantum theory and beyond.

Seeker explains every aspect of our world through a lens of science, inspiring a new generation of curious minds who want to know how today’s discoveries in science, math, engineering and technology are impacting our lives, and shaping our future. Our stories parse meaning from the noise in a world of rapidly changing information.

Visit the Seeker website https://www.seeker.com/videos

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Scientists Grew a Lamb in a Bag... Wait What?


https://youtu.be/TtBb_pBZUaQ

Read More:
Artificial womb technology breaks its 4 minute mile
https://www.tohoku.ac.jp/en/press/artificial_womb_March2019.html
""This result underscores the potential clinical application of this technology for extremely preterm infants born at the border of viability. In the world of artificial placenta technology, we have effectively broken the 4 minute mile." Assoc Professor Matt Kemp said the latest findings represent a significant milestone in the technology's future implementation into clinical use."

Successful use of an artificial placenta to support extremely preterm ovine fetuses at the border of viability
https://www.ajog.org/article/S0002-9378 (19)30472-7/fulltext
"Seven of 8 ex vivo uterine environment group fetuses (87.5%) completed 120 hours of therapy with key parameters maintained in a normal physiological range. There were no significant intergroup differences in final weight, crown-rump length, and body weight-normalized lung and brain weights at euthanasia compared with controls. "

Fluid-filled ‘biobag’ allows premature lambs to develop outside the womb
https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/04/fluid-filled-biobag-allows-premature-lambs-develop-outside-womb
"For their first try, Flake’s group delivered several lambs shortly before they should have been born. The researchers bathed the lambs in artificial amniotic fluid, with electrolytes that mimicked the real thing, and connected the animals to an oxygenator. The goal was to see whether the system could sustain the lambs. The strategy worked unexpectedly well, with one animal surviving 108 hours, but sepsis and other complications made clear it wasn’t good enough."

____________________

Elements is more than just a science show. It’s your science-loving best friend, tasked with keeping you updated and interested on all the compelling, innovative and groundbreaking science happening all around us. Join our passionate hosts as they help break down and present fascinating science, from quarks to quantum theory and beyond.

Seeker explains every aspect of our world through a lens of science, inspiring a new generation of curious minds who want to know how today’s discoveries in science, math, engineering and technology are impacting our lives, and shaping our future. Our stories parse meaning from the noise in a world of rapidly changing information.

Visit the Seeker website https://www.seeker.com/videos

Elements on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/SeekerElements/

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Seeker http://www.seeker.com/ " />
Two years ago, researchers created an artificial womb for premature lamb fetuses. Now, that technology is getting better by creating a womb that can one day help extremely premature babies live from 21–24 weeks old.

What Does Lyme Disease Do To Your Body? - https://youtu.be/TtBb_pBZUaQ

Read More:
Artificial womb technology breaks its 4 minute mile
https://www.tohoku.ac.jp/en/press/artificial_womb_March2019.html
""This result underscores the potential clinical application of this technology for extremely preterm infants born at the border of viability. In the world of artificial placenta technology, we have effectively broken the 4 minute mile." Assoc Professor Matt Kemp said the latest findings represent a significant milestone in the technology's future implementation into clinical use."

Successful use of an artificial placenta to support extremely preterm ovine fetuses at the border of viability
https://www.ajog.org/article/S0002-9378 (19)30472-7/fulltext
"Seven of 8 ex vivo uterine environment group fetuses (87.5%) completed 120 hours of therapy with key parameters maintained in a normal physiological range. There were no significant intergroup differences in final weight, crown-rump length, and body weight-normalized lung and brain weights at euthanasia compared with controls. "

Fluid-filled ‘biobag’ allows premature lambs to develop outside the womb
https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/04/fluid-filled-biobag-allows-premature-lambs-develop-outside-womb
"For their first try, Flake’s group delivered several lambs shortly before they should have been born. The researchers bathed the lambs in artificial amniotic fluid, with electrolytes that mimicked the real thing, and connected the animals to an oxygenator. The goal was to see whether the system could sustain the lambs. The strategy worked unexpectedly well, with one animal surviving 108 hours, but sepsis and other complications made clear it wasn’t good enough."

____________________

Elements is more than just a science show. It’s your science-loving best friend, tasked with keeping you updated and interested on all the compelling, innovative and groundbreaking science happening all around us. Join our passionate hosts as they help break down and present fascinating science, from quarks to quantum theory and beyond.

Seeker explains every aspect of our world through a lens of science, inspiring a new generation of curious minds who want to know how today’s discoveries in science, math, engineering and technology are impacting our lives, and shaping our future. Our stories parse meaning from the noise in a world of rapidly changing information.

Visit the Seeker website https://www.seeker.com/videos

Elements on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/SeekerElements/

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Here's What Makes Measles So Dangerous


https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0168170219300668?via %3Dihub

Measles virus replication in lymphatic cells and organs of CD150 (SLAM) transgenic mice
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1283432/

How Measles Hacks the Body and Harms Its Victims for Years
https://www.wired.com/story/how-measles-hacks-the-body-and-harms-its-victims-for-years/

Long-term measles-induced immunomodulation increases overall childhood infectious disease mortality
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/348/6235/694

Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayo.edu/

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The measles virus has been around for thousands of years, and is one of the most contagious diseases known to man. Its outbreaks have been responsible for the deaths of millions of people. Take a deep-dive into the disease and the science behind it with Seeker's SICK

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SICK is a new series that looks at how diseases actually work inside our body. We'll be visiting medical centers and talking to top researchers and doctors to uncover the mysteries of viruses, bacteria, fungi and our own immune system. Come back every Tuesday for a new episode and let us know in the comments which diseases you think we should cover next.
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Read More:

Stronger together: Multi-genome transmission of measles virus
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0168170219300668?via %3Dihub

Measles virus replication in lymphatic cells and organs of CD150 (SLAM) transgenic mice
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1283432/

How Measles Hacks the Body and Harms Its Victims for Years
https://www.wired.com/story/how-measles-hacks-the-body-and-harms-its-victims-for-years/

Long-term measles-induced immunomodulation increases overall childhood infectious disease mortality
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/348/6235/694

Mayo Clinic
https://www.mayo.edu/

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